FODMAPs stands for Fermentable Oligosaccharides; Disaccharides; Monosaccharides; and Polyols. These are naturally occurring sugars found in many foods. A low FODMAP diet reduces or eliminates FODMAP foods to help manage the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome(IBS).
When FODMAPs are not digested properly, they can draw water into the small intestine. FODMAPs can also end up in the large intestine, where they ferment and produce gas. This extra water and gas can lead to symptoms of IBS, including bloating, constipation, flatulence, pain and nausea.
A low FODMAP diet does not improve symptoms in all people with IBS. In fact, 1 out of 4 people with IBS find their symptoms do not improve on the diet and other treatments may be required. The low FODMAP diet begins with avoiding all FODMAPs for 6 to 12 weeks, followed by gradually reintroducing these foods under the supervision of a Dietitian.
HIGH FODMAP FOODS TO AVOID1
High FODMAP foods that commonly trigger IBS symptoms include:
DAIRY AND DAIRY SUBSTITUTES
BREADS AND CEREALS
SUGARS, SWEETENERS AND CONFECTIONERY
NUTS AND SEEDS
1What are FODMAPs. Monash University Aus. Cited July 2020. Available from URL: https://www.monashfodmap.com/about-fodmap-and-ibs